LED: Looking alot Like Lighting’s Future

Our interest in small cap lighting companies was piqued this week with the announcement April

Photo courtesy of trinamao.en.busytrade.com

Photo courtesy of trinamao.en.busytrade.com

25 that New York-based ForceField Energy (OTCQQB: FNRG) had signed a letter of intent to acquire a 60 percent interest in 1-800 NY Bulbs.

The combination seems to make sense. During its 25 years of existence, Bulbs has more than 8,000 commercial clients, is an authorized dealer and distributor of GE Lighting Products and has projected about $5 million in revenue in 2013, according to the press release announcing the letter of intent. ForceField is focused on renewable energy, energy efficiency and LED (Light Emitting Diode) products.

LED lights are the latest in modern technology and energy efficiency, but have been slow to become the standard in households because of their price, according to Time magazine (http://business.time.com/2013/04/25/light-switch-why-youll-start-using-led-bulbs-this-year/). But the Time report suggests LED prices are coming down. Also, the Energy Independence and Security Act, passed in 2007, requires lightbulbs to become more energy efficient  and has led to the phasing out of standard 100-watt and 75-watt incandescent bulbs, with the 60-watt and 40-watt bulbs to follow.

So the day of the LED light could be near, as could be an intriguing jolt of energy to small cap lighting companies.

FNRG (http://www.forcefieldenergy.com) is a lightly-traded, $87 million market cap, pink sheet company with a 52-week trading range of $2.20-$5.64. It is also involved in transforming waste heat from manufacturing and other sources into electricity. It owns 51 percent of TransPacific Energy Inc. FNRG closed April 26 at $5.35, no change for the day.

Charlotte, NC-based Revolution Lighting Technologies (Nasdaq: RVLT, (http://www.nexxuslighting.com/) designs, manufactures and sells commercial grade LED replacement light bulbs and LED-based signage under the Array Lighting and Lumificient brands (Lumificient Corporation is a subsidiary). It was formerly called Nexxus Lighting and operates mainly in the global commercial, hospitality, institutional, retail and sign markets. RVLT closed April 29 at a 52-week high of $4.01, up 45 cents for the day with a market cap of $140 million. Its 52-week trading range is $0.11-$4.01.

Cincinnati-based LSI Industries (Nasdaq: LYTS, http://www.lsi-industries.com/) is a different take on an LED lighting company. LYTS creates LED video screens and LED specialty lighting for sports stadiums and arenas, digital billboards and entertainment companies. Its 52-week trading range is $5.81-$7.77. It closed April 29 at $7.09, up 18 cents for the day, with a market cap of $170 million.

Solon, OH-based Energy Focus Inc (OTC Pink: EFOI, http://www.energyfocusinc.com/) makes LED lighting products as well as products based fiber optic and other energy-efficient technologies. EFOI focuses on the government and public sector markets, as well as the general commercial and pool markets. Its 52-week trading range is $0.16-$0.40. It closed April 29 at $0.22, up 3 cents for the day, with a market cap of $8.4 million.

Random Notes on Electrical Vehicles, EV Charging Networks, the Housing Market…

Random notes that caught our eye:

  • A JD Power & Associates study of electric vehicle ownership suggests sales are still hampered by their high cost and a disconnect between the car manufacturers and potential buyers on a return on investment in EVs, according to the Los Angeles Times (http://www.latimes.com/business/autos/la-fi-mo-autos-electric-vehicle-costs-20121108,0,4965785.story). Overall, sales of electric vehicles are an “almost immeasurable portion of auto sales,” the article notes. Nissan Leaf sales are down 16 percent this year, Tesla Motors has delivered “less than 300 vehicles,” Mitsubishi, which makes the i-MiEV mini-car, has sold less than 500; Honda has leased only 48 of its electric Fit and Coda is not commenting, according to the article. The crazy thing is the study suggests the potential savings from driving an electric car “could be significant.” The study shows that EV owners report an increase in their electricity bill of $18 a month to recharge their cars compared to $147 they typically pay for a month of gas.

    Coda EV photo courtest evworld.com

  • Californians will be the beneficiaries of the nation’s most comprehensive electric vehicle charging network. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) this week approved a $100 million, four-year proposal from NRG Energy (NYSE: ERG) that allows NRG’s subsidiary, eVgo, to build the network, which will also include fast chargers that give drivers 50 miles of range in 15 minutes. The network, called a “public-private partnership” by NRG, will be made up of at least 200 public charging stations stretching from the San Francisco Bay area, south to San Diego County. NRG will also guarantee that at least 20 percent of the stations are in low income areas. The project is expected to generate more than 1,500 jobs and a total economic benefit of $185 million.
  • Amid all the noise about the “fiscal cliff,” some interesting observations in the New York Times Nov. 11 (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/11/your-money/fiscal-impasse-now-takes-center-stage-for-investors.html?ref=business): Most forecasters don’t believe there will actually be a drastic tumble. The consenus among “Blue Chip Economic Indicators is that the economy will…grow modestly in 2013.” Also, James W. Paulsen, chief investment strategist at Wells Capital Management suggests that “like the European Debt crisis this year, the cliff might turn out to be a series of chronic problems that are dealt with sequentially, not as a single financial disaster.”
  • There’s good news from the labor markets (slowly but surely improving), consumer confidence (“at a five-year high”) and the housing market (“clear signs of a rebound”), according to the same NY Times story.
  • Also in the NYT, a report from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (a 34-country group including every major industrial nation) titled “Looking to 2060: Long-Term Global Growth Prospects:” more old people proportionately to the overall population mean reduced growth over that term, particularly in China. As China’s population ages “India and Indonesia will overtake China’s growth rate in less than a decade.” GDP in China will grow at a rate of 2.3 percent a year from 2030-2060 (little more than the 2 percent expected in the US) while Indonesia will grow by 3.3 percent and India by 4 percent.
  • Another study, this one by the National Research Council and commissioned by the CIA, suggests that “climate change is accelerating” and Hurricane Sandy is just a taste of “what can be expected in the near future.” John H. Steinbruner, the study author, said, according to the New York Times’ John M. Broder, that “humans are pouring carbon dioxide and other climate-altering gases into the atmosphere at a rate never before seen.”

Global Wind Power Market Growing at 25 Percent Annual Rate

The good news in the recent Siemens AG announcement that the sprawling, 165-year-old global company was abandoning the solar business was that it was sticking with its wind power business, at least for the time being. Siemens CEO Peter Loscher, who came to Siemens in 2007 and has spent much of his time revamping the entire business, is scheduled to unveil his new strategy on November 8 and wind power (as well as hydro power) is expected to be part of his plans.

The wind power market has been growing steadily at about a 25 percent compound annual growth rate for the past five

Photo courtesy of Howstuffworks.com

years, according to a market research report by Transparency Market Research (http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/wind-energy-wind-turbine-market.html). In recent history Europe has been the leading market, followed by Asia-Pacific and North America, but China is gaining ground quickly and is expected to soon be the leader, according to the report. About 95 percent of all wind power is generated onshore, with offshore wind power installations still at a “nascent stage,” the report notes.

We’ve covered a variety of wind power and wind turbine small caps in recent months. Most of them are very small, even development stage.

Newbury Park, CA-based Sauer Energy (OTC: SENY, http://www.sauerenergy.com/) is a development stage company developing vertical axis wind turbines for commercial and residential uses. Formerly BCO Hydrocarbon Ltd., the company disposed of its oil and gas interests and in July 2010 purchased Sauer Energy and in May 2012 purchased Helix Wind Corp. When we last checked in late August SENY was trading at $0.26 with a 52-week trading range o $0.10-$0.95. It was trading at $0.25 at the opening of the market Oct. 31.

China-based China Ming Yang Wind Power Group (NYSE: MY, http://www.mywind.com.cn/) is a wind turbine manufacturer focused on designing, manufacturing, selling and servicing megawatt-class wind turbines. In July, MY announced it was considering a joint venture with China-based Huaneng Renewables Corp. to develop wind power and solar power projects in China and overseas markets. MY closed Aug. 27 at $1.21 with a market cap of $147.5 million. It opened for trading on Oct. 31 at $1.32 with a market cap of $165 million.

Chatsworth, CA-based Capstone Turbine Co. (Nasdaq: CPST, http://www.capstoneturbine.com/) develops and markets microturbine technologies, including technologies used to provide on-site power generation for wind power. On Aug. 23, CPST shares crossed their 50-day moving average and closed the day at $1.05 with 2.8 million shares sold. Back on Aug. 27, CPST closed trading at $1.01. It opened the market Oct. 31 at $0.96 with a market cap of $288 million.

Naperville, IL-based Broadwind Energy (Nasdaq: BWEN, http://www.bwen.com/) announced Aug. 23 that it was reducing its manufacturing footprint and shifting its “capacity and marketing focus to non-wind sectors.”  BWEN closed Aug. 27 at $2. It opened Oct. 31 at $2.30 with a market cap of $32 million.

Q/A with Philip Lawes, Founder and President of Insoltech Solar

Philip Lawes, founder and president of Laguna Beach, CA-based Insoltech Solar, has been in the solar power business for 34 years. He is a designer and consultant for renewable power systems such as solar photovoltaic systems. Although based in Southern California, Lawes has installed renewable energy systems in various parts of the world including the Caribbean, Mexico and the South Pacific, as well as in the California desert areas.

Smallcapworld: How did you get into the solar business way back in the 1970s and what was your first solar job?

Solar farm photo courtesy KCOY.comChannel 12

Lawes: It was a solar hot water system. That’s all there was back then in the late 1970s that was financially viable. Solar power has been around for a long time. The photovoltaic cell was developed by Bell Labs and the first applications were for space and to power communications satellites. But it really kicked off during the second energy crisis in 1978. Saudi Arabia basically cut off all our oil and gas prices skyrocketed. Remember the long lines and high gas prices? There was an “energy crisis” and everyone started looking for alternative energy sources. President Carter helped boost the solar business by creating large financial incentives through generous tax breaks.

Q: Which companies were making the solar panels back then?

A: A lot of companies got into it, but they were mostly small companies, many based in Europe, making solar thermal collectors. It was mostly about heating water to reduce natural gas bills and in some cases electric bills, if you had electric heating.

Q: When did you get into photovoltaics?

That would be in the 1980s. I did a lot of work in Baja California, in and around Cabo San Lucas. I worked for expats in the area, for their small palapas and for pumping water on their ranches, for their cattle or other needs. The idea was to generate electricity in remote areas where utility power was not available and the cost to run diesel-powered generators was prohibitive.

Q: Tell us about some of your other projects.

A: I built a solar electric system for a small resort called Papageno in Fiji. Just a few years ago I also designed and built a solar electric system for Johnny Depp for his private island in the Bahamas. I was also a subcontractor for a 1.3 million watt system for the Twenty-Nine Palms Marine Corps base in the California desert. And I built a small solar energy water pumping system for the Irvine Company here in Southern California to provide water for an endangered species. We are working on a custom home in Shady Canyon now, an exclusive area of the Irvine Ranch.

Q: There are many different types of solar arrays now available. Which are best for the average homeowner?

A: The typicial, flat-plate, mono- or poly-crystalline solar modules are still the workhorses of the industry. They are scalable, maintenance free and offer excellent warantees and still the best route for average homeowners. Thin film modules are not as efficient so they require more area. And companies are still having problems getting the manufacturing process down. People got into thin film because they thought they could manufacture them cheaply but that hasn’t really happened yet. And no one anticipated that the standard modules would come down in price so much.

Q: Are there American companies that are able to compete with the Chinese in the manufacture of solar modules?

A: Oh sure. FirstSolar is a thin film manufactuer, the only really successful thin film manufacturer. SunPower is an American company and has a very efficient module built with great technology but they manufacture offshore, primarily in the Phillipines. Helios is based in Wisconsin and has been successful making solar modules. But there has been, and will continue to be, lots of attrition. Some companies are even selling their modules at a loss.

Q: Why do some companies like Helios succeed, while others like Evergreen Solar and Solyndra fail?

A: Solyndra stepped out of the box and tried a very different approach and ultimately had too many problems. Their idea was to build little glass cylinders with thin film cells inside. They were light weight and didn’t require ballasting, but I believe they had a lot of breakage and lots of other problems in production. Ultimately, they didn’t anticipate the dramatic decrease in price of today’s standard workhorse mono- and poly-crystalline modules. Evergreen had a different approach, called ribbon technology. My take is that they couldn’t approve on the efficiency of the modules enough, couldn’t get enough volume going and couldn’t compete with the big guys from China and Germany. Helios is successful so far, but who knows, we could read tomorrow that they are in trouble. But they do provide the old standard modules people want and a lot of people just want to buy American only, which helps them. I think SunPower makes the highest efficiency module of all.

Q: You say you helped do an installation at a Marine base. Why is the military getting into solar?

A: There have been mandates from the Department of Defense, one of the largest if not the largest user of electricity in the country, and they are looking for ways to do things cheaper.  In many cases these military installations are out in the middle of nowhere and it’s a cheaper alternative than using diesel generators. They also want to be autonomous, and have security. That’s why they are also looking at biofuels. They want to use stuff we grow ourselves instead of relying on outside sources. 

Q: How is solar power progressing in other countries, like the emerging parts of the world?

A: The emerging nations are finally beginning to grasp the value of renewable energy. Cuba has lots of solar, so do the Virgin Islands, and Hawaii as well because they have to import their fuel. Many parts of the world don’t have coal, natural gas or hyro power. It’s all about diesel-fired generators. It’s all about what they call grid parity. That’s the holy grail. If you can product power at a lesser cost than what they charge. Grid parity is now in places like the Bahamas, but it all depends on the particular area.

Q: How long does it take the average residential installation to pay for itself in terms of decreased or eliminating energy bills?

That really depends on your location. There are so many variables like which utility is in the area and what the rates are and what rebate programs they offer. In Southern California, with large homes and large usage like the tier 4 and tier 5 users, it’s about 5-7 years. But in places like Hawaii that doesn’t have coal-powered plants or hydro and electricity is very expensive, but there’s plenty of sun, the payback can be quicker.

Q: What are the chief maintenance problems with a home system? Do you need to have special insurance to cover the installation on the roof?

My main expertise here is California, which doesn’t have extra insurance, in fact they make it mandatory to not charge extra insurance. But as California goes, so goes the rest of the country, typically. The chief maintenance problem is keeping the modules clean. Again, that depends on where you live. Actually, it’s easier on the East Coast where they get more rain. In California, where it can go months without rain, it can be difficult to keep them clean, particularly if you live near a construction area that is generating lots of dust. It’s good to wash them every few months. Have a window washer do it if you can.

Struggling Solar Stocks at Risk of Being Delisted

The announcement this week that China-based Suntech Power Holdings (NYSE: STP), which bills itself as “the world’s largest producer of solar panels,” is at risk of being delisted by the New York Stock Exchange, cannot be good news for the solar industry. The announcement came about a month after Suntech founder Zhengrong Shi surprised analysts by stepping down as CEO. He remains Chairman and Chief Strategy Officer.

Suntech stock, which was trading for $2 the last time we checked in May, closed Sept. 25 at $0.92, down 9 cents for the

Photo courtesy of nrel.gov

day. Per NYSE rules, Suntech has six months following the NYSE warning (which came Sept. 10) to get its average stock price back up over $1 over a 30-day period.

China-based JA Solar (Nasdaq: JASO), which bills itself as “China’s largest solar-cell maker,” is also being threatened with a delisting. JASO announced Sept. 24 that it is seeking to strengthen its balance sheet by buying back $89.2 million of its debt. It last closed above $1 on Aug. 28. JASO closed Sept. 25 at $0.85, no change for the day.

This gloomy news prompted us to take a look at several other solar stocks we have followed in the past. They include:

 Tempe, AZ-based First Solar (Nasdaq: FSLR, http://www.firstsolar.com/), which specializes in thin-film solar modules, has bounced back from its year-long slide. FSLR traded as high as $142 during the summer of 2011, but fell down to $13.66 when we last checked in May. FSLR closed Sept. 25 at $20.51, 49 cents on the day.

Ontario, Canada-based Canadian Solar (Nasdaq: CSIQ, http://www.canadian-solar.com/ ), which sells a variety of solar products, has seen its stock price stabilize since December. Back in summer 2011 CSIQ traded for more than $12 but by last May it had dropped to $2.70 with a market cap of $117 million. CSIQ closed Sept. 25 at $3.01, up 2 cents on the day. It’s market cap is now $130 million.

San Jose, CA-based SunPower Corp. (Nasdaq: SPWR, http://www.sunpowercorp.com/) makes a wide variety of solar products and systems. SPWR stock in mid-May was trading for about $5. SPWR closed Sept. 25 at $4.60, down 14 cents on the day. Its market cap is now $547 million.

China-based LDK Solar Co. (NYSE: LDK, http://www.ldksolar.com/) manufactures solar products and silicon materials. LDK, which was trading for nearly $5 in late December 2011, dropped down to $2.85 in mid-May with a market cap of $373 million. It closed Sept. 25 at $1.25, down 4 cents on the day. Its market cap is now $167 million.

China-based Trina Solar Ltd. (NYSE: TSL, http://www.trinasolar.com/) designs, manufactures and sells photovoltaic modules worldwide. It has a chart similar to many of the other solar stocks, which reached highs in the summer of 2011. Since we have been watching it carefully, we have seen in close in August 2011 at $15.88, in December 2011 it had dropped to $7.39 and by mid-May 18 it was down to $5.70 with a market cap of $464 million. It closed Sept. 25 at $4.47, up 7 cents for the day. Its market cap is now $316 million.

China-based Yingli Green Energy Holding Co. (NYSE: YGE, http://www.yinglisolar.com/) makes photovoltaic products including cells, modules and systems. YGE closed in mid-May 18 at $2.52. It closed Sept. 25 at $1.74, up 5 cents for the day. Its market cap is now $272 million.

That Light at the End of the Recession: Who Is the Levi Strauss of the Recovery?

There are articles this morning with significant news for the economy as a whole and for the investment community in particular.  First of all, the job market improved more than expected, and is back on the curve it was on earlier this spring, with job creation in the private sector at 176,000 jobs, and new applications for unemployment well under the “magical” number of 400,000. 

Early gold miners wearing Levis. Photo courtesy of andrewhennigan.blogspot.com

Second, and possibly more important, the number of business bankruptcies has fallen and is on track to finish the year at its lowest level since prior to the beginning of the “Great Recession.”  The comes chockablock on top of a truly boffo month of June for consumers, especially people buying cars.

There are storm clouds — European and Chinese wobblies specifically, with interest rates dropping, which is likely to push the value of the US dollar up, making our goods more expensive overseas.  Actually though, two of our biggest trading partners are virtually (but not officially) pegged to the US dollar (Mexico & Canada), and many other economies, such as Australia — resource rich and recessionless — are fairly stable with regard to the greenback. 

So the question is, if we are seeing all these lights at the end of the tunnel — what should we be doing as investors?  We at SmallCapWorld have no answers, no recommendations, because we are not financial advisors,  but we are finding some areas more interesting than others.  Infrastructure continues to be a big agenda item, for instance.  For those with a longer horizon and some patience, homebuilders are looking more interesting.  And an intriguing article in the New York Times last weekend theorized that the electric vehicle market, in spite of the highly publicized obituaries of the lithium-ion battery companies,  may not be dead in the water: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/01/automobiles/evs-are-merging-into-californias-traffic.html?_r=1&ref=automobiles.

Many investors look at sectors like these when economic reports are positive, hoping to find bargains like four-leaf clovers.  An article this morning in Motley Fool may be a case in point, for instance: http://beta.fool.com/jonathanyates13/2012/07/05/it-time-togo-sir-john-templeton-european-stocks/6140/?source=eogyholnk0000001.  Heck, even Warren Buffett is out in the weeds looking for something special, buying up newspapers (talk about last century!). 

I’d like to suggest that there is a larger pond to splash about in, and it is not sector-specific: cross-border companies, especially those trading in the USA as ADRs (American Depositary Receipts).  It seems as though ADRs tend to trade at a significant discount to the valuations given their peers on US markets.  That is less true of largecap ADRs, a fast-growing group, by the way, but largely controlled in valuation by trading in their home exchanges.   But it seems to be increasingly true across the board in smallcap ADRs.  After all, what was the biggest success story of the California Gold Rush?  I think it was Levi Strauss, which did nothing more than invent blue jeans for the miners.  Facilitators tend to be ignored at times.

Why would this be so?  Well, maybe it is that they are farther away than US-headquartered companies; they use currencies that may be more volatile these days; they tend not to market themselves well to US investors; they seldom trade on Nasdaq or the NYSE.  In fact, most of them trade in the regulatory twilight zone that used to be universally referred to as The Pink Sheets.  However that may be, there are some very big, very prosperous, very well-known companies now trading on the “pinks” after having delisted from the big exchanges when Congress started tightening the regulatory screws a couple of financial bubbles and several Ponzi schemes ago.

If there are bargains in the ADR world, they will be found eventually — at least that is the theory behind the “if you build it they will come” philosophy that used to be called “build a better mousetrap” or “stick to your knitting.”  And for the Sherlock Holmes types among us, there are all kinds of companies worth looking on the upgraded “pink sheets” listings called OTCQX and OTCQB.  With the not-so-slow decline of the Bulletin Board, these listings may look like the Wild West, but they are not the typical old “pennystocks” that many investors remember.  And the JOBS Act is breathing new life into these small newcomers by suspending a lot of the draconian rules that govern fund-raising for larger companies:  http://www.forbes.com/sites/alanhall/2012/06/28/hearings-on-jobs-prepare-the-u-s-for-expanded-crowdfunding-accelerating-startup-activity-creation-of-jobs/

Anyway, the point of this article is not to pick out stocks in the pink sheets, it is to look for stocks that could benefit from a gold rush pointed at the pink sheets.  The first and most obvious is OTC Markets Group itself (OTCQX: OTCM), the proprietor of the Pinks, the OTCQX and OTCQB.  OTCM, headquartered in New York City (http://www.otcmarkets.com/home) , is chugging along at an increasing revenue rate that looks to be in the range of at least $32 million to $35 million this year, and bringing about 15%  (or $0.12 per share) to the bottom line in the most recently reported quarter.  Just to put this in perspective, the market cap is around $73 million and OTCM is handling 10,000 over-the-counter securities.  The volume of trading in OTCM is under 1,000 shares per day, which puts a bit of a technical barrier up for some people — but it is hard to imagine this part of the market NOT growing.

Another you-never-heard-of-it company that stands to benefit is one of the Fortune 500: INTL FCStone Inc (Nasdaq: INTL).  One of the busiest traders in the market, INTL is said to be the largest marketmaker of cross-border stocks in the US, and they are an increasingly prominent advisor to OTCQX and OTCQB companies under the “PAL” or Principal American Liaison designation.  They are also one of the largest buyers of gold in the world.    The shares are trading at $19.61, not far off their lows; the market cap is $375 million, and the average daily trading volume is 84,000 shares.  This article in SeekingAlpha addresses the value that might be there: http://seekingalpha.com/article/667071-4-undervalued-small-cap-financials-with-analyst-love?source=yahoo

There are some very small dark horses, like San Francisco-based Merriman Holdings (OTC: MERR; http://www.merrimanco.com), which claims to be the largest PAL operation with regard to OTCQX companies.  MERR is quite small and has a recent history of management change and financial distress, but their newswires are busy virtually every day with new OTCQX clients. 

And there are some much larger companies that stand to benefit, like the Australian whiz-kid, Computershare Ltd (OTCQX: CMSQY and ASX: CPU).  Their market cap is well out of our ballpark at $4+ billion, but they have come out of the pack like Secretariat at the Derby, recently taking over the stock servicing portfolio at Bank of New York Mellon.

We own none of the securities discussed in this article.

Sold! EBay Buys into Alternative Energy Fuel Cell Power

Fuel cells made headlines in the major financial publications this week with the announcement that eBay is planning to build a new data center in Utah powered by, yes, alternative energy fuel cells. The new eBay data center will use approximately 6 million watts of power generated on-site by fuel cells made by Sunnyvale, CA-based, privately-held Bloom Energy, according to the New York Times (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/21/technology/ebay-plans-data-center-that-will-use-alternative-energy.html?scp=1&sq=james%20glanz%20ebay&st=Search).

eBay logo courtesy of LiewCF.com

While the new center, which will also serve eBay’s payment service PayPal, will be hooked up to the electricity grid as a backup, the news is considered a major victory for alternative energy backers, fuel cell believers and the environmental industry in general which has long complained that Internet companies are too often relying on coal power to run their data centers.

The Times’s story notes that fuel cell arrays are being used by major corporations including AT&T, Kaiser Permanente and Wal-Mart but nothing of this scale. Nearly all comparable data centers now draw the majority of the power from the grid.

Bloom Energy’s version of fuel cells are “essentially large batteries whose charge is maintained by by the hydrocarbon energy contained in natural gas,” according to the Times. Since the price of natural gas has plummeted in recent years, fuel cells have become more economically competititve, the story notes. And since the charge in the Bloom Energy cells is maintained by chemical reactions, not combustion, important efficiencies are gained. Another advantage is the fuel cells generate energy on-site, meaning no energy is dissipated as it travels along transmission lines.

All great news for environmentalists, Bloom Energy and, hopefully, eBay. But does it translate to hope for the mostly struggling small cap fuel cell companies? Based on investor reaction to the news, there seemed to be little benefit, at least initially.

Lathan, NY-based Plug Power Inc. (Nasdaq: PLUG, http://www.plugpower.com/) manufactures fuel cell systems for industrial off-road markets and stationary power markets. The PLUG stock, which was as high as $9 in early 2011, has traded much lower in recent months. Its 52-week trading range is now $1.11-$2.71 and its market cap as of June 21 was about $44 million. Roth Capital cleantech analyst Phillip Shen initated coverage of PLUG a year ago with a buy and a price target of $4. PLUG stock closed June 21 at $1.12, down 2 cents for the day.

Danbury, CT-based FuelCell Energy Inc. (Nasdaq: FCEL, http://www.fuelcellenergy.com/) makes a variety of fuel cells and its stock trades actively, more than 2 million shares a day on average. But apparently its second quarter numbers showing revenues down 15 percent from a year ago has soured investors. Its 52-week trading range is $0.80 to $1.95 and it closed June 21 at $1.06, up 2 cents on the day.

British Columbia-based Ballard Power Systems (Nasdaq: BLDP, http://www.ballard.com/) manufactures and sells fuel cells and fuel cell materials for the automobile and other markets. News from Ballard included business partnerships with Brazilian and European bus companies. But the company this week announced a revision in 2012 revenue and adjusted EBITDA downward due in part to contract negotiaations with a Brazilian customer. The stock, which was a high as $2.42 in April 2011 has dropped in recent months. It closed June 21 at $1.12, down 5 cents. Average daily trading volume is now about 124,000 shares.

Ontario, Canada-based Hydrogenics Corp. (Nasdaq: HYGS, http://www.hydrogenics.com) designs, develops and manufactures hydrogen generation and fuel cell products based on water electrolysis technology and proton exchange membrane technology. HYGS recently announced a significant order for a “power to gas” project for energy storage in Germany. The 52-week trading range of HYGS is $4.47-$7.10 but the stock trades lightly, about 7,500 shares a day. Its market cap is about $38 million. HYGS closed June 21 at $5.85, down 42 cents for the day.